What is future of Afghanistan since Taliban’s are back1

After 20 years of war, the Taliban have won in Afghanistan.

The fighting has been going on for 40 years – most Afghans can’t remember a time of peace.

The group captured Kabul on August 15 and completed its surprisingly rapid advance across the country.

After 20 years of war, the Taliban have won in Afghanistan.
After 20 years of war, the Taliban have won in Afghanistan.

It came after an agreement was reached between the United States and the Taliban following the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, two decades after US forces ousted the militants in 2001.

Tens of thousands have been killed and millions displaced in the conflict.

Taliban forces have vowed not to allow Afghanistan to become a base for terrorists who could pose a threat to the West.

But questions are already being asked about how the group will govern the country, and what their rule means for women, human rights and political freedoms.

Why did the United States fight the war in Afghanistan and why did it last so long?

Back in 2001, the United States was responding to the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington, which killed about 3,000 people. Authorities have blamed Islamist militant group al-Qaeda and its leader, Osama bin Laden.

Bin Laden was in Afghanistan, under the protection of the Taliban, the Islamists who have been in power since 1996.

When they refused to hand him over, the United States intervened militarily, removing the Taliban immediately and vowing to support democracy and eliminate the threat of terrorism.

The militants slipped and later reorganized.

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NATO allies joined the United States and a new Afghan government took power in 2004, but deadly Taliban attacks continued. President Barack Obama’s “troop increase” in 2009 helped push the Taliban back, but not for long.

In 2014, the bloodiest year since 2001, NATO’s international forces ended their combat mission, leaving security responsibility to the Afghan army.

After 20 years of war, the Taliban have won in Afghanistan.
After 20 years of war, the Taliban have won in Afghanistan.

It pushed the Taliban and they took more territory.

Peace talks between the United States and the Taliban began temporarily, the Afghan government was largely unresolved, and an evacuation agreement was reached in February 2020 in Qatar.

The US-Taliban agreement did not stop Taliban attacks – they focused on Afghan security forces and civilians and targeted killings. Their areas of control increased.

Twenty years of conflict in Afghanistan – what happened in 2001?

Since 9/11, heavy fighting on the ground, and now the complete withdrawal of US-led forces, has happened here.

9/11

11 September 2001

Al-Qaeda, led by Osama bin Laden, were the largest terrorist attacks in Afghanistan.

Four commercial planes have been hijacked. Two were blown up at the World Trade Center in New York, which collapsed. One hits the Pentagon building in Washington, and one hits a Pennsylvania field. About 3,000 people have been killed.

First Air Strikes

7 October 2001

The US-led coalition is bombing Taliban and al-Qaeda installations in Afghanistan. Targets include Kabul, Kandahar and Jalalabad.

The Taliban, who came to power after a decade-long Soviet occupation and then fought a civil war, refused to hand over bin Laden. Their air defense and small fleet of fighter jets have been destroyed.

Fall of Kabul

13 November 2001

A group of anti-Taliban insurgents backed by coalition forces enters the Northern Alliance Kabul as the Taliban flee the city.

Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters return to Kabul in tanks.
Image caption Coalition-backed Northern Alliance fighters return to Kabul aboard tanks as Taliban retreat. Image copyright by Getty Images
As of November 13, 2001, all Taliban have either fled or become neutral. Other cities fall faster.

New Constitution

26 January 2004

After lengthy negotiations in the “Loya Jirga” or Grand Assembly, a new Afghan constitution has been signed into law. The constitution paves the way for the October 2004 presidential election.

Hamid Karzai becomes president

7 December 2004

Before becoming president, Hamid Karzai led anti-Taliban groups around Kandahar.

Popalzai Durrani leader Hamid Karzai became the first president under the new constitution. He has been serving as president for two to five years.

UK trops deployed to Halmands

May 2006

British troops arrive in Helmand province, a Taliban stronghold in the south of the country.

Soldiers from the Parachute Regiment lead Britain’s first deployment to Helmand.

Their initial mission is to support reconstruction projects, but they are increasingly drawn to combat operations. More than 450 British troops lost their lives in Afghanistan during the conflict.

Obama’s surge

17 February 2009

US President Barack Obama has approved a major increase in the number of troops to be sent to Afghanistan. At their peak, their number is about 140,000.

US troops in heavy fighting in the south of the country.
The so-called “surge” has been shaped by the US strategy in Iraq, where US forces have focused on protecting the civilian population as well as killing insurgent fighters.

Usama Bin Ladin killed

2 May 2011

Bin Laden was located in a compound less than a mile from the Pakistani military academy.

The al-Qaeda leader was killed in an attack by US Navy SEALs on a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan. Bin Laden’s body has been exhumed and buried at sea. The operation, led by the CIA, ended 10 years of hunting. Confirmation that bin Laden is living on Pakistani soil fuels accusations in the United States that Pakistan is an unreliable ally in the war on terror.

Death of Mollah umer

23 April 2013

The founder of the Taliban, Mullah Mohammed Omar, dies. His death is kept secret for more than two years.

The Taliban leader is believed to have suffered injuries to his right eye in the 1980s.
According to Afghan intelligence, Mullah Omar died of health problems at a hospital in the Pakistani city of Karachi. Pakistan denies he was in the country.

Nato end combat operations

28 December 2014

At a ceremony in Kabul, NATO ended its combat operations in Afghanistan. After the increase, the United States withdrew thousands of troops. Most focus on training and supporting Afghan security forces.

Background of Taliban

At a ceremony in Kabul, NATO ended its combat operations in Afghanistan. After the increase, the United States withdrew thousands of troops. Most focus on training and supporting Afghan security forces.

He vowed to fight corruption and improve security, but also adhered to a strict form of Islam.

By 1998, he had taken control of almost the entire country.

They enforced their own strict version of Sharia, or Islamic law, and introduced barbaric punishments. Men were made to grow beards and women had to wear all kinds of burqas. TV, music and cinema were banned.

After their elimination, they regrouped in the Pakistani border areas.

How costly has the war been?

In the case of lost lives, it is not easy to say clearly. Coalition casualties have been recorded much better than the Taliban and Afghan civilians.

Brown University research estimates that Afghan security forces have lost 69,000. The number of civilians and militants is about 51,000.

More than 3,500 coalition troops have been killed since 2001 – two-thirds of them Americans. More than 20,000 US troops have been injured.

Afghanistan is the world’s third largest homeless population, according to the United Nations.

Since 2012, about 5.5 million people have fled and been unable to return home, either displaced inside Afghanistan or seeking refuge in neighboring countries.

Brown University research also states that by 2020, both the United States and Afghanistan will be spending 97 978 billion (70 706 billion) on military and reconstruction funds in Pakistan.

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